Date & Time: Jul 2, 1994 at 1843 LT
Type of aircraft:
Douglas DC-9
Operator:
Registration:
N954VJ
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Columbia - Charlotte
MSN:
47590
YOM:
1973
Flight number:
US1016
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
0
Pax on board:
52
Pax fatalities:
37
Other fatalities:
0
Total fatalities:
37
Captain / Total flying hours:
8065
Captain / Total hours on type:
1970
Copilot / Total flying hours:
12980
Copilot / Total hours on type:
3180
Aircraft flight hours:
53917
Aircraft flight cycles:
63147
Circumstances:
Crashed on final approach to Charlotte, killing 37 passengers.
Probable cause:
The board determines that the probable cause of the accident was:
- The flight crew's decision to continue an approach into severe convective activity that was conducive to a microburst,
- the flight crew's failure to recognize a windshear situation in a timely manner,
- the flight crew's failure to establish and maintain the proper airplane attitude and thrust setting necessary to escape the windshear,
- the lack of real-time adverse weather and windshear hazard information dissemination from air traffic control, all of which led to an encounter with and failure to escape from a microburst-induced windshear that was produced by a rapidly developing thunderstorm located at the approach end of runway 18R.
The following factors were considered as contributory:
- the lack of air traffic control procedures that would have required the controller to display and issue ASR-9 radar weather information to the pilots of flight 1016,
- the Charlotte tower supervisor's failure to properly advise and ensure that all controllers were aware of and reporting the reduction in visibility and the RVR value information, and the low level windshear alerts that had occurred in multiple quadrants,
- the inadequate remedial actions by USAir to ensure adherence to standard operating procedures,
- the inadequate software logic in the airplane's windshear warning system that did not provide an alert upon entry into the windshear.